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China or the five trillion investment Highway Network to speed up the construction of the highway
A large number of local highway has been incorporated into the "national highway network planning (2013 -2030)" (hereinafter referred to as the "planning"), which has just been approved. Among them, Hubei, Hunan and other places have been efforts of the Enshi - Ankang - Jishou expressway, but also into the country within the scope of the network.
To this end, the future along Baomao (Inner Mongolia Baotou to Guangdong Maoming high-speed (G65) do not have from Xi'an bypass Chongqing to Jishou, but can directly from Xi'an to health, and then turned to Jishou.
According to the above plan, in 2030 the total size of the national highway network is about. This is a substantial increase compared to 2004, the national highway network plan in 2020, the national highway network of the target of the national highway network. The above Enshi - Ankang - Jishou high-speed line, only recently incorporated into the national highway network of individual cases.
The reporter learned that, in fact, the goal of planning around the higher. Like Sichuan, Guangdong, Inner Mongolia, Yunnan, the planning of the highway is about 10 thousand km. If you plan to gather around the highway, according to the relevant experts estimates, close to 200 thousand km. The road of the new plan is mostly in the coastal or western mountainous area, the cost is very high.
The national development and Reform Commission comprehensive transportation study the Zhangjiang Yu believes that the local investment is the best capabilities, if the costs are too high, the future traffic less may cause very big negative effect.
Expressway network planning up to
The relevant person in charge of the Department of transportation of many provinces city recently is xishangmeishao. The reason is that their own provinces large number of highways into the national network. This not only makes the national highway network line in each province is greatly extended, but also means that the state will give a lot of subsidies.
For example, the territory of Zhangjiakou, Erenhot, Qinhuangdao, Hebei to high-speed (two Qin Expressway) has been nominated national highway network, the state plans to subsidize the construction of capital. The project in the Zhangjiakou section of the line length of 130.126 km, design roadbed width of 26 meters, the main line two-way four lanes, 100 kilometers per hour, about 60 million yuan per kilometer subsidy.
Two Qin speed, although for things to go, but this is not the main thing of the country to the main trunk. Compared with countries intended to increase large trunk, more provinces and cities in the dance for joy.
Reporters from the national development and Reform Commission, the basic industry division was informed that the "planning" proposed in 2030 the total size of the national highway network of about. The seven capitals radiation, 11 longitudinal north south line, 18 East-West horizontal line and parts of the link, parallel lines, the contact line than previously 7 capitals radiation, 9 north-south vertical line, 18 things horizontal (i.e. 7918 engineering change.
The north south line and some new lines, such as Yinchuan to Baise high-speed G69 a total length of about 2000 kilometers. At present, the line in various provinces are segmented, ready to the various provinces of the construction of the line to adjust to the new line. In addition, as the health - Enshi - Jishou expressway is completed after Baomao high speed will reduce the detour as, Midwest longitudinal north-south line high-speed road will be adjusted, which may be the past 9 vertical north-south into 11.
The reporter was informed that such adjustments are also included in some of the lines of the city group.
For example, Beijing outer ring, involving in Hebei and Beijing, belongs to the group of Beijing, Tianjin city line, commonly known as the seven ring, is also incorporated into the national highway network. The line into the national highway network, will make the 7 Beijing radioactive highway fundamental changes.
The future of the Beijing Shanghai high-speed, wide high-speed, high-speed Beijing Kunming and etc. starting point will be set at 5 outside the ring, even farther. 4 ring, 5 ring within the high-speed road is expected to become the main road of Beijing City, its high-speed rail will be removed, and the construction of the bus lane, the surrounding also possible development of the community. This makes the wide high-speed (Daqing to Guangzhou), the Beijing Shanghai high speed mileage will be shorter than in the past. Beijing six ring, seven ring will become part of a high-speed wide, the 4 ring, 5 ring is no longer a national highway network.
Zhang Jiangyu believes that the highway network adjustment, it is clear that there is a reduction of the main is to adjust, and there is more to extend the line. In the past the planning of Kunming - Chongqing G85 high-speed, the current change for the Kunming - Yinchuan expressway, the code is still G85, but Yinchuan - Chongqing will build a new high-speed.
The local price nearly doubled
Compared to the national highway second round of adjustment, the local highway planning and adjustment more bold.
It is understood that the current local basic in accordance with the frequency of once every 3 years to adjust. Guangdong in 2004 planning in 2030 the total size of the highway network is about 8800 kilometers. However, Guangdong Province in 2013 to 2017 highway construction plan, said 2013-2015, the province will have 25 sections of the highway was opened to traffic; and to 2017, the province's total mileage of highway traffic will reach 8140 km. Guangdong plans to have over 10 thousand km in 2030.
More provinces and municipalities are also raising goals. Yunnan, for example, the 12th Five-Year plan was opened to traffic 10 thousand km, a substantial increase over the past 6000 km of the planning target. "Sichuan province highway network planning (2008-2030)" adjustment scheme proposed that the province's highway network planning total mileage of about km, a substantial increase over the past 8600 km. In addition, Inner Mongolia and other places also have 10 thousand kilometers of highway planning.
Jiangxi, Henan, Guizhou, Chongqing also raised targets. Which Jiangxi adjust the highway mileage from 2020 is expected to more than 4650 km, 6050 km. Henan from 6840 km, adjusted to 8070 km. Shanxi from 4050 km, adjusted to 6160 km.
In this regard, China Investment Association investment advisory Specialized Committee chairman Liu Huiyong believes that the local speed up the construction of highway investment can be understood. Because China road network density is less than the United states. But the most urgent need for the construction of the building may not be to speed up the construction of the highway, but a lot of rural road construction as soon as possible. In addition the key is how the highway level, to build 8 lanes, 1 km west need 1 hundred million is conservative, but for the local government financial pressure may be great.
Figures show that the current density of China's highway is 42 kilometers per square kilometer, less than 67 km in the United States, not less than 305 km in Japan, Germany, 130 km.
Where the construction of a large number of highway, was incorporated to countries high speed, calculated according to the two Qin high-speed per kilometer subsidies of 60 million, the 2030 plan 11.8 million kilometers, than in 2004, planning to increase 3.3 million kilometers, countries need to give subsidies to local 1.98 trillion.
And if the local will be about 100 thousand km of the highway, and then invest in the new planning of about 100 thousand km, the need to close to 5-10 trillion of funds (calculated in accordance with 50 million -1 per kilometer). Such a large number, only the interest of bank interest every year hundreds of billions. At present, Yunnan expressway investment and even the annual toll revenue even the return of the construction loan interest is not enough.
At present like let state-owned coal enterprise contract to build a highway way to take the Shanxi, Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan and other places to take the is will operate in packaged to private enterprises, let the construction of expressway. However, Liu Huiyong has found that some local governments to take advantage of the cheap 30%-40% compensation, private enterprises are still not dare to take over.
Zhang Jiangyu believes that the place still need to be cautious. Update of the highway local planning does not require state approval, but was too fast, high cost, may there is a risk of unsustainable.
For existing highway listing Corporation, the new planning brought about the pros and cons of the expected impact. Advantage is that with national highway network layout optimization, wider coverage, network convergence is more smooth, will induce the increase of traffic flow, for part of the existing highway will bring traffic growth is expected; is unfavorable, due to the expansion of the scale of highway, the same path traffic channel may increase, especially with ordinary State Road Construction and retrofit, highway fees or new expressway will be on the existing highways form a diversion. In the long run, with the toll road accounting for smaller and smaller, the impact will be more obvious diversion.

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